Sumowski JF, Benedict R, Enzinger C, Filippi M, Geurts JJ, Hamalainen P, Hulst H, Inglese M, Leavitt VM, Rocca MA, Rosti-Otajarvi EM, Rao S. Cognition in multiple sclerosis: State of the field and priorities for the future. Neurology 2018; 90: 278-88. PMID: 29343470

Sumowski JF. Brain reserve and cognitive reserve should always be taken into account when studying neurodegeneration. Mult Scler 2018 Epub ahead of print. PMID: 29318923

Sumowski JF, McDonnell GV, Bourdette D. Diet in multiple sclerosis: Science takes a seat at the table. Neurology 2018; 90:14-15. (Editorial) PMID: 29212826

Krieger SC, Sumowski JF. New insights into multiple sclerosis clinical course from the topographical model and functional reserve. Neurol Clin 2018; 36: 13-25. PMID: 29157394


Leavitt VM, Blanchard AR, Guo CY, Gelernt E, Sumowski JF, Stein J. Aspirin is an effective pretreatment for exercise in multiple sclerosis: A double-blind randomized controlled pilot trial. Mult Scler 2017 Epub ahead of print. PMID: 29076760

Petracca M, Sumowski JF, Fabian M, Miller A, Lublin F, Inglese M. Looking into cognitive impairment in primary-progressive multiple sclerosis. Eur J Neurol 2017;25:192-195. PMID 29053884

Sumowski JF, Leavitt VM, Rocca MA, Inglese M, Riccitelli G, Buyukturkoglu K, Meani A, Filippi M. Mesial temporal lobe and subcortical grey matter volumes differentially predict memory across states of multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler 2017 Epub ahead of print. PMID 28516805

Leavitt VM, Buyukturkoglu K, Inglese M, Sumowski JF. Protective personality traits: High openness and low neuroticism linked to better memory in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler 2017;23:1786-1790. PMID 28067603

Avci G, Woods SP, Verduzco M, Sheppard DP, Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti ND, DeLuca J., HIV Neurobehavioral Research Program (HNRP) Group. Effect of retrieval practice on short-term and long-term retention in HIV+ individuals. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2017;23:214-222. PMID 28067192


Sumowski JF, Rocca MA, Leavitt VM, Meani A, Mesaros S, Drulovic J, Preziosa P, Habeck CG, Filippi M. Brain reserve against physical disability progression over five years in multiple sclerosis. Neurology 2016; 86: 2006-2009. PMID: 27164681.

Sumowski JF, Rocca MA, Leavitt VM, Riccitelli G, Meani A, Comi G, Filippi M. Reading, writing, and reserve: Literacy activities are linked to hippocampal volume and memory in multiple sclerosis. MultScler. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 26920377.

Sandry J, Paxton J, Sumowski JF. General mathematical ability predicts PASAT performance in MS patients: Implications for clinical interpretation and cognitive reserve. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2016; 22: 375-378. PMID: 26823163

Sumowski JF, Rocca MA, Leavitt VM, Riccitelli G, Sandry J, DeLuca J, Comi G, Filippi M. Searching for the neural basis of reserve against memory decline: Intellectual enrichment linked to larger hippocampal volume in MS. Eur J Neurol. 2016;23:39-44. PMID: 25648966.


Sumowski JF. Educational attainment and cognitive status in MS: Reading, Writing, and Economics. Mult Scler. 2015;21:1221-2. (Editorial) PMID: 26014601

Leavitt VM, Sumowski JF. Characterizing cognitive impairment in MS: An essential step towards prediction and prevention. Eur J Neurol. 2015;23:225-6. (Editorial) PMID: 25981761.

Leavitt VM, DeMeo, Riccitelli G, Rocca MA, Comi G, Filippi M, Sumowski JF. Elevated body temperature is linked to fatigue in an Italian sample of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients. J Neurol. 2015;262:2440-2. PMID: 26223805

Rocca MA, Amato MP, DeStefano N, Enzinger C, Geurts JJ, Penner IK, Rovira A, Sumowski JF, Valsasina P, Filippi M, MAGNIMS Study Group. Clinical and imaging assessment of cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis. Lancet Neurol. 2015;14:302-17. PMID: 25662900.

Coyne JH, Borg JM, DeLuca J, Glass L, Sumowski JF. Retrieval practice as an effective memory strategy in children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015;96: 742-5. PMID: 25312580.


Leavitt VM, Paxton J, Sumowski JF. Default network connectivity is linked to memory status in multiple sclerosis. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2014; 20: 937-944. PMID: 25248054.

Leavitt VM, Wylie G, Krch D, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J, Sumowski JF. Does slowed processing speed account for executive deficits in MS? Evidence from neuropsychological performance and structural neuroimaging. Rehabil Psychol. 2014;59:422-8. PMID: 25133903.

Sumowski JF, Rocca MA, Leavitt VM, Dackovic J, Mesaros S, Drulovic J, DeLuca J, Filippi M. Brain reserve and cognitive reserve protect against cognitive decline over 4.5 years in MS. Neurology. 2014;82:1776-83. PMID: 24748670.

Sandry J, Sumowski JF. Working memory mediates the relationship between intellectual enrichment and long-term memory in multiple sclerosis: An exploratory analysis of cognitive reserve. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2014;20:868-72. PMID: 25017699.

Sumowski JF, Leavitt VM. Body temperature is elevated and linked to fatigue in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, even without heat exposure. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;95:1298-1302. PMID:24561056.

Wylie GR, Genova H, DeLuca J, Chiaravalloti N, Sumowski JF. Functional magnetic resonance imaging movers and shakers: Does subject-movement cause sampling bias? Hum Brain Mapp. 2014; 35:1-13. PMID: 22847906.


Sumowski JF, Leavitt VM. Cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2013;19:1122-7. PMID: 23897894. (Review)

Sumowski JF, Rocca MA, Leavitt VM, Riccitelli G, Comi G, DeLuca J, Filippi M. Brain reserve and cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis: What you’ve got and how you use it. Neurology. 2013;80: 2184-93. PMID: 23667062.

Pinter D, Sumowski JF, DeLuca J, Fazekas F, Pichler A, Khalil M, Langkammer C, Fuchs S, Enzinger C. Higher education moderates the effect of T2 lesion load and third ventricle width on cognition in multiple sclerosis. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e87567. PMID: 24475309.

Sumowski JF, Coyne J, Cohen A, DeLuca J. Retrieval practice improves memory in survivors of severe traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;95:397-400. PMID: 24231401.

Leavitt VM, Cirnigliaro C, Cohen A, Farag A, Brooks M, Wecht J, Wylie G, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J, Sumowski JF. Aerobic exercise increased hippocampal volume and improves memory in multiple sclerosis: preliminary findings. Neurocase. 2014;20: 695-7. PMID: 24090098.

Leavitt VM, Wylie G, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J, Sumowski JF. Warmer outdoor temperature is associated with task-related increased BOLD activation in patients with multiple sclerosis. Brain Imaging Behav. 2014;8:128-32. PMID: 24146082

Dobryakova E, Staffaroni A, DeLuca J, Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti N, Wylie GR. CapMan: independent investigation of capacity and manipulation with a new working memory paradigm. Brain Imaging Behav. 2014;8:475-9. PMID: 24370894.

Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti N, Krch D, Paxton J, DeLuca J. Education attenuates the negative impact of traumatic brain injury on cognitive status. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013;94:2562-4. PMID: 23932968.

Sumowski JF, Wylie GR, Leavitt VM, Chiaravalloti ND, DeLuca J. Default network activity is a sensitive and specific biomarker of memory in MS. Mult Scler. 2013;19:199-208. PMID: 22685065.

Sumowski JF, Leavitt VM, Cohen A, Paxton J, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J. Retrieval practice is a robust memory aid for memory-impaired patients with MS. Mult Scler. 2013;19:1943-6. PMID: 23674564.

Peverly ST, Vekaria PC, Reddington LA, Sumowski JF, Johnson KR, Ramsay CM. The relationship of handwriting speed, working memory, language comprehension and outlines to lecture note-taking and test-taking among college students. Appl Cognitive Psych. 2013;27:115-26.


Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti N, Leavitt VM, DeLuca J. Cognitive reserve in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2012;18:1454-8. PMID: 22389412.

Leavitt VM, Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J. Warmer outdoor temperature is associated with worse cognitive status in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2012;78:964-8. PMID: 22402861.


Wylie GR, Sumowski JF, Murray M. Are there control processes, and (if so) can they be studied? Psychol Res. 2011:75:535-43. PMID: 21713443.

Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti ND, Erlanger DM, Kaushik T, Benedict R, DeLuca J. L-amphetamine improves memory in MS patients with objective memory impairment. Mult Scler. 2011;17:1141-5. PMID: 21561956.

Peverly ST, Sumowski JF. What variables predict quality of text notes and are test notes related to performance on different types of tests? Appl Cognitive Psych. 2011;26:104-17.

Krch D, Sumowski JF, DeLuca J, Chiaravalloti N. Subjective memory in multiple sclerosis is associated with initial-trial learning performance. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2011;17:1-5. PMID: 21411038.


Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J. Retrieval practice improves memory in multiple sclerosis: Clinical application of the testing effect. Neuropsychology. 2010;24:267-72. PMID: 20230121.

Sumowski JF, Wylie GR, Gonnella A, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J. Premorbid cognitive leisure independently contributes to cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2010;75:1428-31. PMID: 20956787.

Sumowski JF, Wylie GR, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J. Intellectual enrichment lessens the effect of brain atrophy on learning and memory in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2010;74:1942-5. PMID: 20548040.

Sumowski JF, Wylie GR, DeLuca J, Chiaravalloti N. Intellectual enrichment is linked to cerebral efficiency in multiple sclerosis: functional magnetic imaging evidence for cognitive reserve. Brain. 2010;133:362-74. PMCID: PMC2822636. PMID: 20008455

Sumowski JF, Wood HG, Chiaravalloti N, Wylie GR, Lengenfelder J. DeLuca, J. Retrieval practice: A simple strategy for improving memory after traumatic brain injury. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2010;16: 1147-50. PMID: 20946709.

Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti N, DeLuca J. Cognitive reserve protects against cognitive dysfunction in multiple sclerosis. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2009;31:913-26. PMID: 19330566.

Sumowski JF, Chiaravalloti N, Wylie G, DeLuca J. Cognitive reserve moderates the negative effect of brain atrophy on cognitive efficiency in multiple sclerosis. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2009;15:606-12. PMID: 19573279.

Peverly ST, Ramaswamy V, Brown C, Sumowski JF, Alidoost M, Garner J. What predicts skill in lecture note taking? J Educ Psychol. 2007;99:167-80.