Center for Scientific Diversity at ISMMS Selected Antiracism Resources

Recently, we have received many requests for an antiracism reading list, and we are so inspired by this growing interest. Please find below a number of resources that discuss issues of race, power, social hierarchy, and diversity. Of course, we acknowledge that this is not an exhaustive list. Further, we recognize that this list is not a solution but part of a lifelong journey and commitment to learning.

Books:

• The New Jim Crow, by Michelle Alexander
• White Rage, by Carol Anderson
• The Fire Next Time, by James Baldwin
• Between the World and Me, by Ta-Nehisi Coates
• Eloquent Rage, by Brittney Cooper
• Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria, by Beverly Daniel Tatum
• Women, Race, & Class, by Angela Davis
• White Fragility, by Robin DiAngelo
• The Souls of Black Folk, by W.E.B. DuBois
• Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race, by Reni Eddo-Lodge
• Automating Inequality, by Virginia Eubanks
• The Wretched of the Earth, by Frantz Fanon
• Locking Up Our Own, by James Forman
• The Mismeasure of Man, by Stephen Jay Gould
• Wayward Lives, Beautiful Experiments: Intimate Histories of Social Upheaval, by Saidiya Hartman
• killing rage: Ending Racism, by bell hooks
• How the Irish Became White, by Noel Ignatiev
• Antiracist Baby, by Ibram X. Kendi
• How to Be an Antiracist, by Ibram X. Kendi
• Stamped from the Beginning, by Ibram X. Kendi
• Dog Whistle Politics, by Ian Haney López
• Sister Outsider, by Audre Lorde
• Dying of Whiteness, by Jonathan M. Metzl
• The Bluest Eye, by Toni Morrison
• The Condemnation of Blackness, by Khalil Gibran Muhammad
• Body and Soul, by Alondra Nelson
• So You Want to Talk About Race, by Ijeoma Oluo
• Citizen, by Claudia Rankine
• The Color of Law, by Richard Rothstein
• Me and White Supremacy, by Layla F. Saad
• Superior, by Angela Saini
• Race for Profit, by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
• Black Man in a White Coat, by Damon Tweedy
• The Fire This Time, by Jesmyn Ward
• A Terrible Thing To Waste, by Harriet A. Washington
• Medical Apartheid, by Harriet A. Washington
• Race Matters, by Cornel West
• Caste, by Isabel Wilkerson
• The Immortal Life of Henrieta Lacks, by Rebecca Skloot

Additional reading lists compiled by:

• Lambda Legal: 25 Black Queer Books to Honor Protests and Pride Month
• Mount Sinai’s Office for Diversity and Inclusion
• Mount Sinai’s Racism and Bias Initiative
• The Schomburg Center for: adults, teens, and kids.

Journal articles:

• Perception of racism explains the difference between Blacks’ and Whites’ level of healthcare trust. Adegbembo, A. O., Tomar, S. L., & Logan, H. L. (2006). Ethn Dis, 16(4), 792-798.
• The preeminence of ethnic diversity in scientific collaboration. AlShebli, B. K., Rahwan, T., & Woon, W. L. (2018). Nat. Commun., 9(1), 5163. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07634-8
• Prior experiences of racial discrimination and racial differences in health care system distrust. Armstrong, K., Putt, M., Halbert, C. H., Grande, D., Schwartz, J. S., Liao, K., . . . Shea, J. A. (2013). Med Care, 51(2), 144-150. doi:10.1097/MLR.0b013e31827310a1
• Police killings and their spillover effects on the mental health of black Americans: a population-based, quasi-experimental study. Bor, J., Venkataramani, A. S., Williams, D. R., & Tsai, A. C. (2018). Lancet, 392(10144), 302-310. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31130-9
• Does stereotype threat affect women in academic medicine? Burgess, D. J., Joseph, A., van Ryn, M., & Carnes, M. (2012). Acad Med, 87(4), 506-512. doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e318248f718
• Tackling racism as a “wicked” public health problem: Enabling allies in anti-racism praxis. Came, H., & Griffith, D. (2018). Soc. Sci. Med., 199, 181-188. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.03.028
• CDC Health Disparities & Inequalities Report. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013).
• Addressing racism and disparities in the biomedical sciences. Clark, U. S. (*), & Hurd, Y. L. (2020). Nature Human Behaviour. doi:10.1038/s41562-020-0917-7
• Experiences of Discrimination Are Associated With Greater Resting Amygdala Activity and Functional Connectivity. Clark, U. S. (*), Miller, E. R., & Hegde, R. R. (2018). Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging, 3(4), 367-378. doi:10.1016/j.bpsc.2017.11.011
• Experiences of racism and subjective cognitive function in African American women. Coogan, P., Schon, K., Li, S., Cozier, Y., Bethea, T., & Rosenberg, L. (2020). Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring, 12(1), e12067. doi:10.1002/dad2.12067
• Fanning the flames of prejudice: the influence of specific incidental emotions on implicit prejudice. Dasgupta, N., Desteno, D., Williams, L. A., & Hunsinger, M. (2009). Emotion, 9(4), 585-591. doi:10.1037/a0015961
• Improving Underrepresented Minority Student Persistence in STEM. Estrada, M., Burnett, M., Campbell, A. G., Campbell, P. B., Denetclaw, W. F., Gutierrez, C. G., . . . Zavala, M. (2016). CBE Life Sci Educ, 15(3). doi:10.1187/cbe.16-01-0038
• Collaboration: Strength in diversity. Freeman, R. B., & Huang, W. (2014). Nature, 513(7518), 305. doi:10.1038/513305a
• Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and National Institutes of Health R01 Research Awards: Is There Evidence of a Double Bind for Women of Color? Ginther, D. K., Kahn, S., & Schaffer, W. T. (2016). Acad. Med., 91(8), 1098-1107. doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000001278
• Race, ethnicity, and NIH research awards. Ginther, D. K., Schaffer, W. T., Schnell, J., Masimore, B., Liu, F., Haak, L. L., & Kington, R. (2011). Science, 333(6045), 1015-1019. doi:10.1126/science.1196783
• The Diversity-Innovation Paradox in Science. Hofstra, B., Kulkarni, V. V., Munoz-Najar Galvez, S., He, B., Jurafsky, D., & McFarland, D. A. (2020). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 117(17), 9284-9291. doi:10.1073/pnas.1915378117
• Topic choice contributes to the lower rate of NIH awards to African-American/black scientists. Hoppe, T. A., Litovitz, A., Willis, K. A., Meseroll, R. A., Perkins, M. J., Hutchins, B. I., . . . Santangelo, G. M. (2019). Sci. Adv., 5(10), eaaw7238. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aaw7238
• Becoming anti-racist for the benefit of our patients. Houtrow, A. (2020). J Pediatr Rehabil Med, 13(1), 1-2. doi:10.3233/PRM-200680
• Discrimination, Abuse, Harassment, and Burnout in Surgical Residency Training. Hu, Y. Y., Ellis, R. J., Hewitt, D. B., Yang, A. D., Cheung, E. O., Moskowitz, J. T., . . . Bilimoria, K. Y. (2019). N. Engl. J. Med., 381(18), 1741-1752. doi:10.1056/NEJMsa1903759
• Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Institute of Medicine. (2003).
• Confronting Institutionalized Racism. Jones, C. P. (2002). Phylon, 50(1/2), 7-22. doi:10.2307/4149999
• Toward the Science and Practice of Anti-Racism: Launching a National Campaign Against Racism. Jones, C. P. (2018). Ethn. Dis., 28(Suppl 1), 231-234. doi:10.18865/ed.28.S1.231
• Are medical schools turning a blind eye to racism? Kmietowicz, Z. (2020). BMJ, 368, m420. doi:10.1136/bmj.m420
• Graduate Students’ Perceptions of Their Advisors: Is There Systematic Disadvantage in Mentorship? Noy, S., & Ray, R. (2012). The Journal of Higher Education, 83(6), 876-914. doi:10.1080/00221546.2012.11777273
• The cognitive effects of experiencing and observing subtle racial discrimination. Ozier, E. M., Taylor, V. J., & Murphy, M. C. (2019). Journal of Social Issues, 75(4), 1087-1115. doi:10.1111/josi.12349
• A threat in the air. How stereotypes shape intellectual identity and performance. Steele, C. M. (1997). Am Psychol, 52(6), 613-629. doi:10.1037//0003-066x.52.6.613
• NIH progress toward inclusive excellence. Valantine, H. A., & Collins, F. (2020). Science, 367(6483), 1204. doi:10.1126/science.abb4619
• National Institutes of Health addresses the science of diversity. Valantine, H. A., & Collins, F. S. (2015). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(40), 12240. doi:10.1073/pnas.1515612112
• From the NIH: A Systems Approach to Increasing the Diversity of the Biomedical Research Workforce. Valantine, H. A., Lund, P. K., & Gammie, A. E. (2016). CBE Life Sci Educ, 15(3). doi:10.1187/cbe.16-03-0138
• Reducing Racial Inequities in Health: Using What We Already Know to Take Action. Williams, D. R., & Cooper, L. A. (2019). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 16(4), 606. doi:10.3390/ijerph16040606
• Understanding how discrimination can affect health. Williams, D. R., Lawrence, J. A., Davis, B. A., & Vu, C. (2019). Health Serv. Res., 54 Suppl 2, 1374-1388. doi:10.1111/1475-6773.13222
• Understanding and addressing racial disparities in health care. Williams, D. R., & Rucker, T. D. (2000). Health Care Financ Rev, 21(4), 75-90.
• Minorities struggle to advance in academic medicine: A 12-y review of diversity at the highest levels of America’s teaching institutions. Yu, P. T., Parsa, P. V., Hassanein, O., Rogers, S. O., & Chang, D. C. (2013). J Surg Res, 182(2), 212-218. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2012.06.049

(*) Dr. Clark is one of the Directors of our Center.

Films:

• 13th (Netflix)
• Fruitvale Station (Amazon Prime)
• I Am Not Your Negro (Netflix)
• Teach Us All (Netflix)
• When They See Us (Netflix)
• Just Mercy (Amazon Prime)

Podcasts:

• “1619” from The New York Times
• “Code Switch” from NPR
• “Floodlines” from The Atlantic
• “Intersectionality Matters!” with Kimberle Crenshaw from The African American Policy Forum
• “Throughline” from NPR

Additional resources:

• The NIH’s Advisory Committee to the Director Working Group on Diversity
• The NIH’s Scientific Workforce Diversity Office
• The NIH’s Strategies to Sustain Workforce Diversity
• The National Museum of African American History and Culture’s Being Antiracist